What is LVIA?

Landscape and Visual Impact Assessment (LVIA) is the process of evaluating the effect of a proposal upon the landscape. There is an important distinction between visual effects (the human view or perception) and the landscape effects (which occur whether or not anyone can see them).


Landscape and Visual Appraisal, or Landscape and Visual Assessment (LVA) are sometimes used when a project does not require a full Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), but does need a consideration of its effects on the Landscape.


Landscape Character Assessment (LCA) is a methodology within landscape assessment which identifies the distinctive qualities of a landscape or landscape areas.

We will produce the appropriate level of detail for your project.

What are LVIA and LCA used for?

These tools are applicable across a wide range of scales:-

  • LVIA may form part of an Environmental Assessment, which would be required in support of planning applications for developments with significant environmental effects. Character Assessment of a large area might be needed to determine the most appropriate location for a development - for example, siting a power station, or routeing of a power line or highway.
  • At a smaller scale, landscape or cityscape assessment might be required on just one site, where issues of landscape character and quality could be important elements of a planning application - for example, a development in an Area of High Landscape Value or of particular urban character.
  • At a site level we use landscape survey to identify and record the positive and negative features of the site (eg boundaries, levels, vegetation, aspect, views, environmental qualities). The Assessment then analyses the site data to guide the design process, to maximise the site's assets and opportunities and minimise any problems.

Why 2B?

Landscape Assessment can form an integral component of development planning and be the foundation of sensitive and appropriate design. As well as being our principal input into the Environmental Assessment process, it can equally be a major part of the preparation and presentation of Proofs of Evidence to Public Inquiries.

Industry expert

Bill Blackledge has had a role in reviewing the latest industry guidance (GLVIA3) as part of the Landscape Institute's Technical Committee. As a practice, we are very familiar with its requirements.

Bill has also acted as an expert witness at topical planning appeals.

Chartered Professionals

All senior members of the team are Chartered Members of the Landscape Institute (CMLI). We ensure we keep up to date with industry developments and guidance - we even write some of it! This means you can be assured that an LVIA produced by 2B will be carried out by Chartered Landscape Architects, correctly implemented and in accordance with best practice.

The job was always done with good humour. Decisions requested were packaged with alternatives and advice. Information was supplied by return. Excellent service. I would be delighted at any time to supply a reference, should that be necessary. With renewed thanks and best wishes.
Technical Development Manager, First Renewables